Malignant mesothelioma is one of the very rare, but extremely rare cancers. It is a tumor that affects the abdominal lining, which covers and protects the organs of the abdomen. Mesotheium cells are designed to build fluid, but the cancer tend to overproduce them, generating excess of fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Though there isn’t any right treatment, doctors do use several types of treatment to reduce the tumors or ease its symptoms.
Intraperitoneal chemotherapy and cytoreductive surgery are the 2 common types of treatments. Cytoreductive surgery removes the visible tumors out of the cavity and this treatment is conducted by doctors in their own opinion.
In recent years, multimodality treatment of the disease has become more common; debulking (Cytoreductive ) removes only the visible tumor according to the doctor’s choice and can be diagnosed together with intra-peritoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy, if the physician feels surgery alone is ineffective.
Some doctors even perform extensive, yet riskier surgery where they take out all the tumors, while some perform minimal cytoreductive and attempt to complement the treatment with IPHC.
Chemotherapy is most often used together with the intraperitoneal surgery; through this, an affected person gets chemotherapy directly into the mesothelioma peritoneal cavity through a port or catheter. In this treatment, drugs like cisplatin can also be injected inside to cure the tumor in a more effective way.
According to doctors, intra-peritoneal chemotherapy gives high response rates and for patient, found to have widespread disease, specialized treatment should be conducted by doctors, who are very familiar in dealing with such types of disease.